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Analysis of complex trophic networks reveals the signature of land-use intensification on soil communities in agroecosystems

Abstract : Abstract Increasing evidence suggests that agricultural intensification is a threat to many groups of soil biota, but how the impacts of land-use intensity on soil organisms translate into changes in comprehensive soil interaction networks remains unclear. Here for the first time, we use environmental DNA to examine total soil multi-trophic diversity and food web structure for temperate agroecosystems along a gradient of land-use intensity. We tested for response patterns in key properties of the soil food webs in sixteen fields ranging from arable crops to grazed permanent grasslands as part of a long-term management experiment. We found that agricultural intensification drives reductions in trophic group diversity, although taxa richness remained unchanged. Intensification generally reduced the complexity and connectance of soil interaction networks and induced consistent changes in energy pathways, but the magnitude of management-induced changes depended on the variable considered. Average path length (an indicator of food web redundancy and resilience) did not respond to our management intensity gradient. Moreover, turnover of network structure showed little response to increasing management intensity. Our data demonstrates the importance of considering different facets of trophic networks for a clearer understanding of agriculture-biodiversity relationships, with implications for nature-based solutions and sustainable agriculture.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03345139
Contributor : Juliette Bloor Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 9:10:33 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 20, 2022 - 9:04:10 AM

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Juliette Bloor, Sara Si-Moussi, Pierre Taberlet, Pascal Carrère, Mickael Hedde. Analysis of complex trophic networks reveals the signature of land-use intensification on soil communities in agroecosystems. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-97300-9⟩. ⟨hal-03345139⟩

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