. Sol and . Lr, Comment on pose cette question ? Gi(N): Dans ce cas il suffit d'ajouter 'est-ce que

. Gi and . Lr, Est-ce que le restaurant ouvre le dimanche ? (Translation: Inc(N): I don't understand what you mean

. Sol and . Lr, How do you ask that question ? Gi(N): In that case you just have to use 'est-ce que

. Gi, Lr): Est-ce que le restaurant ouvre le dimanche ?)

. Gi, C'est ta première question dans l'échange, alors utilise 'est-ce que

. Gi and . Lr, Ah, oui. Est-ce que le restaurant ouvre le dimanche ? (Translation: Inc(N): I don't understand what you mean

. Sol, Lr): I don't quite understand the overall situation

. Gi, This is your first question in this exchange. It would be better to start with 'est-ce que

. Gi, Lr): Oh,ok! Est-ce que le restaurant ouvre le dimanche ?)

. Sol, Quelle est ta difficulté ? Giv(Lr):... le dimanche, Inc(N): Je ne comprends pas ce que tu veux dire

. Sol and . Lr, Comment on pose cette question ? Gi(N): Dans ce cas il suffit d'ajouter 'est-ce que

. Gi and . Lr, Est-ce que le restaurant ouvre le dimanche ? (Translation: Sol(N): What is the problem ? Giv(Lr):... on Sundays... ? Inc(N): Sorry ? Sol(Lr): How do you ask that question ? Giv(N): In that case you just have to use 'est-ce que

I. Bartning, L'activité interactionnelle dans une étude longitudinale de l'acquisition du français langue étrangère -quelques observations Actes du 8ème colloque international Acquisition des langues: perspectives et recherches, Laboratoire de Linguistique et de Didactique des Langues Etrangères et Maternelles (ed), pp.123-160, 1991.

A. Blaye, P. Light, and V. Rubtsov, Collaborative learning at the computer; How social processes ???interface??? with human-computer interaction, European Journal of Psychology of Education, vol.149, issue.4, pp.257-67, 1992.
DOI : 10.1007/BF03172892

G. Brown, Teaching the spoken language, an approach based on the analysis of conversational English, 1983.

S. Bull, Towards user/system collaboration in developing a student model for intelligent CALL, ReCALL, vol.8, pp.3-8, 1993.

T. Chan and A. Baskin, Studying with the Prince, Proceedings of the first international conference, Intelligent Tutoring Systems 88, pp.194-200, 1988.

T. Chan, Integration-Kid: A Learning Companion System, Proceedings of the 12th International Joint Conference of Artificial Intelligence, pp.1094-1099, 1991.

T. Chan, Curriculum tree: A knowledge-based architecture for intelligent tutoring systems, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of Intelligent Tutoring Systems, pp.140-147, 1992.
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-55606-0_19

T. Chan, L. Chien-chang, L. Shi-jen, and K. Hong-chih, OCTR: A Model of Learning Stages, Proceedings of theWorld Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, pp.257-264, 1993.

T. Chanier, M. Pengelly, M. Twidale, and J. Self, Conceptual Modelling in Error Analysis in Computer-Assisted Language Learning Systems, Intelligent Tutoring Systems for Second- Language Learning, pp.125-150, 1992.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-77202-3_9

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/edutice-00000279

T. Chanier and D. Renié, Modelling language usage to enhance second language learning, Proceedings of theWorld Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, pp.265-272, 1993.

G. Cumming and J. Self, Collaborative Intelligent Educational Systems, Proceedings of Artificial Intelligence and Education, pp.73-80, 1989.

G. Cumming and J. Self, Learner Modeling in Collaborative Intelligent Educational Systems Teaching Knowledge and Intelligent Tutoring, pp.85-103, 1991.

M. Deutsch, A Theory of Co-operation and Competition, Human Relations, vol.2, issue.2, pp.129-153, 1949.
DOI : 10.1177/001872674900200204

P. Dillenbourg and J. Self, Designing Human-Computer Collaborative Learning, Human-Computer Collaborative Learning, 1991.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-85098-1_13

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.52.4696

P. Dillenbourg and J. Self, People power: A human-computer collaborative learning system, Proceedings of the second international conference, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 1992.
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-55606-0_75

R. Ellis, Instructed second language acquisition, 1990.

B. Grandcolas, Voulez-vous converser avec moi ?, Etudes de Linguistique Appliquée, vol.55, pp.68-75, 1984.

G. Kanselaar and G. Erkens, Interactivity in cooperative problem solving with computers." in International Perspectives on the Psychological and Educational Foundations of Technology-Based Learning Environments, 1993.

N. Miyake, Constructive Interaction and the Iterative Process of Understanding, Cognitive Science, vol.84, issue.2, pp.151-177, 1986.
DOI : 10.1207/s15516709cog1002_2

O. Malley and C. , Designing computer systems to support peer learning, European Journal of Psychology of Education, vol.7, issue.4, pp.339-53, 1992.

R. Porquier, Communication exolingue et apprentissage des langues 4ème colloque international Acquisition d'une langue étrangère: Neuchâtel, pp.16-18, 1982.

M. Pujol and D. Véronique, A sociocognitive model for second language acquisition, Poster presented at the IVth European Conference in Developmental Psychology, 1990.

B. Py, L'acquisition vue dans la perspective de l'interaction, DRLAV, pp.83-100, 1989.

D. Renié, Les interrogatives directes du français: une approche pragmatico-linguistique, 1992.

B. Schneuwly and J. P. Bronckart, Textes de base en psychologie: Vygotsky aujourd'hui. Delachaux et Niestlé, 1985.

R. Slavin, Cooperative Learning, 1983.

L. Terveen, Collaborative Problem Solving: Theoretical Frameworks and Innovative Systems, Workshop of the World Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. Edinburgh (Scotland), pp.23-27, 1993.

L. S. Vygotsky, Mind in society. The development of higher psychological processes, 1978.

E. Wenger, Artificial Intelligence and Tutoring Systems, 1987.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00703016