Les Campus Numériques en France et en Europe: émergence, structuration, enjeux

Abstract : The hypothesis of our analysis is that the various emerging digital campuses are not a simple extension of the existing educational offer but rather, via new forms of university configurations and new articulations of public and private sector regimes, a process by which a new social functioning of higher education systems is looked for.
In the first part of this article, we are examining the actual establishment of consortia created between institutions for the creation of national projects such as "digital campuses". If we stay within the French context, this contractual form connects horizontally actors who are incited to collaborate by Ministries project calls. We are attempting to explicate who are the actors positioning themselves, what type of learning skills and work competencies there are promoting (content production, management expertise for home base learning, technical and software expertise), and the nature of their philosophical approaches. Contrary to what is developing in the United States, the emergence of digital campuses is realized within a centralized, state regulated mode.
In the second part of this article, we will analyse the way in which public service and private sector rationales are articulated and intersect in the way resources are produced, diffused and distributed. The projects taking place, all attempting to virtualise activities existing in physical campuses, lead to different type of developments. Three configurations have been studied: they are tied either to the production of resources (on-line university), to distribution management (WebCT), or to the merger of the two and to data use and indexing (Ariadne). These configurations seem more complementary then conflicting, even if the different tools and the formats, facilitating the production of educational resources and the mediations necessary between actors, are the result of each actors own objectives guiding the specific limits of their homogenizing design. Each actor seems to be benefit from the advance or already acquired knowledge of the other collaborators. In this context, the modes in which the distribution platform is articulated to content seem to be an important focus point as the way in which the public and private sector articulated this relationship are very different: the three projects deliberately represent a non commercial approach or a market based approach (WebCT) or a blending of the two depending on the usage made.
To conclude, the consortium reveals economical as much as organisational and social evolutions. To deal with market uncertainty, a consortium plays a neutral research and prescription role. This horizontal contract allows to go beyond institutional and geographical frontiers, by such creating the necessary condition of the meeting of industrial and public sectors who now can study and discuss the division between public and private sectors.
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Conference papers
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Submitted on : Monday, August 2, 2004 - 5:05:36 PM
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Yolande Combès, Elisabeth Fichez. Les Campus Numériques en France et en Europe: émergence, structuration, enjeux. 2001 Bogues - Globalisme et Pluralisme, Apr 2002, Montréal, Canada. ⟨edutice-00000564⟩

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